Gynecomastia – Symptoms, Types and Remedies

Gynecomastia is the diseased state where the males will develop a large breast tissue which is unusual as an association with many chronic diseases. There are many types of Gynecomastia depending upon its causative and severity.


The key symptom of Gynecomastia is the bulging of breast tissue into a soft and compressible subcutaneous tissue part in the chest region of Men. The growth of mammary gland is the unusual feature of males but the main feature of Gynecomastia. The tissue seems to be palpated under the nipple region of mammary glands. This may occur either in one gland or in both. People whose Gynecomastia is associated with prolactin secreting tumour, will also show milk discharge.

Types: Based on the severity of the disease, the cataloguing of this disorder has been given a grading system. They are

Grade I: This stage includes very minute enlargement and no excess skin can be seen. This stage is however not completely indicative of Gynecomastia.

Grade II: A typical bulge in breast tissue is seen in Grade II. However, skin increase is not seen.

Grade III: Here starts the growth of excess amount of skin growth.

Grade IV: This stage is the one where considerable enlargement of chest region in males is seen.

Diagnosis: The development of Gynecomastia is not harmful physically. But, it stands as an indication for many chronic diseases like testicular cancer, prostate cancer, etc. The typical growth of gland under hormonal control leads to pain.

Treatment: The change in food habits and regular fitness will reassure the best solution for Gynecomastia. Even practitioners suggest the same in case of gentle Gynecomastia patients.  If it leads to further severity conditions, there arrives the actual picture of surgery and surgical treatments.

Medication: The medication will be more efficient and effective when given in the first two years of its inception. SERMs called Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators like clomifene, raloxifene are highly helpful for treating Gynecomastia. However, they have to be approved yet for this treatment by Food and Drug Administration. Some medications include aromatase inhibitors usage. Anastrozole is the best agent for inhibiting aromatase. Some androgen steroids also have shown effective results. Non-aromatized drugs like tropical androstanalone, is also used for treating Gynecomastia.

Surgical Treatment: If the Gynecomastia is severe and has reached to its final grade level, the removal of excess part of tissue has to be removed by surgical methods. The enlarged glandular breast region can be removed. This approach id one in general for lipo-section associated mastectomy, subcutaneous mastectomy. In turn complications of mastectomy may show hematoma, asymmetry in the breast size, unusual scars etc.

Other treatments: For patients suffering from Prostate Cancer, Gynecomastia and chest pain are the major syndromes. Radiation therapy and tamoxifen will show efficient results in decreasing Gynecomastia and breast pain. This includes androgen deprivation therapy whose efficiency will be limited to once. Prophylactic use of this will show more effective results against Gynecomastia. The medical coverage under Gynecomastia will not be preferred by most of the Insurance Companies as the decrease of breast tissue in males is treated as one of the cosmetic surgeries. Please wisite this site  to know more bout Gynecomastia.